One of the oldest forms of tie and dye textile art, Bandhani derives its name from the Sanskrit word bandh which means “to bind”. Earliest evidence of this art form’s patterns dates back to the 6th century paintings in Ajanta. Though it is practiced in a number of Indian states like Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, most of the communities and centers associated with this art form are situated in Gujarat and Rajasthan.
Tiny, incredibly precise designs are achieved in cloth by plucking and tying a thread to reveal artwork in bright shades of like vermillion, saffron, emerald, sapphire, and yellow yields. Along with style, there is also symbolism here – red can represent a Hindu bride, and yellow signifies maternity. Bandhini use is common on turbans, dupattas, and sarees, in accompaniment with embroidery, mirror-work, and appliqué.